Recently Canada has announced its immigration level plans for 2021-2023. It aims to welcome the highest level of immigration.
Canada will seek to accept 401,000 immigrants in 2021, adding another 4, 11,000 immigrants in 2022 and 4, 21, 000 new immigrants respectively. In total, Canada aims to welcome a massive 12, 23,000 new immigrants over a period of three years.
Canada admitted 4, 00,900 newcomers in 1913 which was a record to date. These many admissions never happened in Canada since 1913. Canada has welcomed at least 300,000 people in a year just five times since 1867(1911, 1912, 1913, 2016, 2018, and 2019). It is reportedly welcoming 0.9 percent of its immigrant population, which is three times more than the per capita intake of newcomers in the United States.
The Immigration Levels Strategy 2021-2023 intends to accept about 60 percent of all immigrants. It includes Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program, under economic class programs.
The Immigration Levels Strategy is the most important announcement made annually by the Government of Canada about immigration. It details the number of potential permanent immigrants to be admitted by Canada over the coming years, and in what categories Canada plans to accept them. Canada invites Immigrants under various categories such as Economic Classes, Family, Refugees, Humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Overview of Immigration Strategy 2021-2023
The federal government declared earlier this year, on March 12 that Canada will seek to accept over one million new permanent residents between 2020 and 2022. After that, Canada had closed its borders because of the pandemic.
As a result, Canada is expected to fall well short of the 341,000 immigration target it set for this year. Despite the pandemic, it has conducted Express Entry draws. On the other side, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) draws through the provinces remain ongoing.
Canada has set the most ambitious plan for immigration levels in its history. This is to adjust for this year’s decrease in immigration.
To counter the adverse economic and fiscal effects of its aging population and low birth rate, Canada is maintaining high levels of immigration.
Canada has one of the oldest populations in the world. It has about 18% of the population being 65 years of age and older. It has the lowest birth rate in the world, while the birth rate being 1.47 births per woman.
As such, in the future, Canada will face the pressures of rising its economy and encouraging government spending. It is possible to mitigate these problems by accepting more immigrants to boost labor and economic development.