Overview of Canada

Physical Location:

Canada covers an area of 9,984,670 km2 and is the second-largest nation in the world by area, and about the same size as all of Europe combined. It is situated in the northern region of North America, sharing its southern border with the United States, while its northern range reaches all the way up to the Arctic Pole.

Canadians live in one of the country’s 10 provinces and 3 regions, with over 35% living in Ontario, followed by Quebec (23%), British Columbia (13%), and Alberta (12%) respectively.
Ottawa, Ontario is Canada’s capital city. The three biggest and most commonly recognized metropolitan cities are Toronto (Ontario), Montreal (Quebec), and Vancouver (British Columbia), all ranked among the top 20 list of QS World University’s best Student Cities.

Climate and Weather:

Given the massive size and physical geography of Canada, temperatures across the country can vary considerably. In many regions, Canadian winters can be harsh, with temperatures ranging from -15 ° C/5 ° F to -30 ° C/-22 ° F in the provinces of the interior and the Prairie. The coastal regions have much milder winters, such as around British Columbia. In the other side, summers are dry, with temperatures ranging from 20 ° C/70 ° F to 30 ° C/86 ° F, and sometimes over 40 ° C/104 ° F.

People, Cultures, and Languages:

Canada is renowned internationally for its multiculturalism, making it a perfect destination for foreign students who move away from their families and homes. Canadians pride themselves on their rich history and diverse mix of people and cultures. There are regulations in force to shield all people from bigotry, regardless of the circumstances.

Immigrants from around the globe make up one-fifth of the over 37 million Canadian population. The official languages of Canada are English and French, while the rest understand English. The diverse Canadian population also speaks about 200 other languages. After English and French, the most commonly spoken languages are Mandarin, Cantonese, Punjabi, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Ukrainian, Arabic, German, and Tagalog.


Canada is the tenth-largest economy in the world. It is one of the world’s least corrupt economies, and is one of the top 10 trade nations in the world, with a heavily globalized economy. Canada ranks above the U.S. and other Western European countries with a diverse economy on The Heritage Foundation’s Economic Freedom Index and faces a comparatively low wage inequality.

According to an official report, International students contributed more than $16 billion in Canada for anything from tuition fees to rents and groceries which created 1,70,000 jobs and had a larger economic impact than automobile parts, aircraft and lumber exports from Canada.

As a result, Canada plans to recruit more international students by increasing its overseas footprint in an attempt to promote diversity in the classroom and raise economic benefits that are now worth billions of dollars each year.


Canada has one of the world’s highest per ca-pita immigrant rates, guided primarily by economic policies and, to a lesser degree, family reunification. The Canadian population accepts the present rates of immigration, as do the main political parties.

A total of 341,180 immigrants, mainly from Asia, were admitted to Canada in 2019. The top three countries of origin for immigrants moving to Canada are India, the Philippines, and China. Current arrivals are mainly settling in big metropolitan centers like Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.